Blanqui, Louis-Auguste

(1805-1881)
   revolutionary, socialist
   Born in Puget-Théniers, Alpes-Maritimes, Louis-Auguste Blanqui studied law and medicine in Paris. shortly afterward, he became a republican and joined the French Carbonari, participating in the antimonarchist uprisings of 1827. By then, he had become familiar with the ideas of henri de saint-simon, charles fourier, and above all, GRACCHUS babeuf. He took part in the july revolution of 1830, and was a supporter of King louis-philippe i during his early reign. But after 1831, Blanqui was involved in organizing several secret republican and socialist societies, as well as numerous conspiracies against the government. He was arrested and, in his defense statement, gave a strong denunciation of bourgeois capitalist society. Arrested again in 1839 for conspiracy, he was sentenced to life in prison. Pardoned in 1847, he participated in the overthrow of Louis-Philippe's regime the next year, but was again imprisoned for 10 years for his part in the failed leftist uprising of May 1848. During his years in prison, he developed several theories within socialism, among them the concept of the "dictatorship of the proletariat." While believing in the necessity of revolution, he also favored gradual economic evolution from capitalism to communism. upon returning from exile in Belgium in 1870, he attempted another uprising, but the fall of the second empire of napoléon III occurred shortly after (September 1870). By this time, Blanqui had founded the journal La Patrie en danger. He briefly led a provisional government (october 1870), and his followers formed the majority of the members of the comMuNE of Paris, which would end with the slaughter of more than 20,000 communards in May 1871. Blanqui was then again imprisoned but released in 1879. He subsequently published the journal Ni Dieu ni Maître, in which he criticized the utopian socialist movement. Blanqui's own doctrine, "blanquisme," is considered the necessary link between French socialism and Marxism. His most important work, Critique sociale, was published posthumously in 1885.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Blanqui, (Louis–) Auguste — born Feb. 1, 1805, Puget Théniers, France died Jan. 1, 1881, Paris French socialist and revolutionary. A legendary martyr figure of French radicalism, Blanqui believed that there could be no socialist transformation of society without a temporary …   Universalium

  • Blanqui, Louis Auguste — ► (1805 81) Revolucionario francés. Mantuvo un fuerte antagonismo con Karl Marx, al que acusaba de transigir con la burguesía. Fundó el periódico La Patrie en Danger (1870) y Ni Dieu ni Maître (1879). Es autor de La crítica social …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Blanqui, (Louis-) Auguste — (1 feb. 1805, Puget Théniers, Francia– 1 ene. 1881, París). Socialista y revolucionario francés. Figura legendaria y mártir del radicalismo francés, creía que no podría existir una transformación socialista de la sociedad sin una dictadura… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • BLANQUI, LOUIS AUGUSTE —    a brother of the preceding, a French republican of extreme views and violent procedure; would appear to have posed as a martyr; spent nearly half his life in prison (1805 1881) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Louis-Auguste Blanqui — Louis Auguste Blanqui dit l’Enfermé, né le 8 février 1805 à Puget Théniers (Alpes Maritimes) et décédé le 1er janvier 1881 à Paris, inhumé …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Louis Auguste Blanqui — Auguste Blanqui, en su edad madura. Louis Auguste Blanqui (1805 1881), fue un activista político revolucionario y socialista francés que organizó el movimiento estudiantil parisino, y luchó en primer lugar por la instauración de la república… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Louis Auguste Blanqui — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Blanqui. Louis Auguste Blanqui Louis Auguste Blanqui, dit « l’Enfermé », né le 8 février  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Louis Auguste Blanqui — Gemälde von Louis Auguste Blanqui um 1845 Foto von Louis Auguste Blanqui Louis Auguste Blanqui [lwi oˈgyst blɑ̃ˈki …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Louis-Auguste Blanqui — als etwa 40 Jähriger (Gemälde um 1845) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Louis Auguste Blanqui — (born February 8, 1805 in Puget Théniers, France, died January 1, 1881) was a French political activist, notable for the revolutionary theory of Blanquism , attributed to him. Biography Early life, political activity and first imprisonment (1805… …   Wikipedia

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